Sexual education teaching abstinence and condom distribution in schools
Why condoms should not be distributed in schools
Perceptions of sexual abstinence among high-risk early and middle adolescents. However, the Trump Administration has released a new funding announcement that focuses on programs that teach abstinence instead of comprehensive sex education. Youth risk behavior surveillance—United States, One argument for presenting abstinence to adolescents as their sole option for pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection STI prevention is that adolescent sexual behavior is itself harmful. Washington, DC: U. Student sexual health can affect academic success. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC has found that students who do not engage in health risk behaviors receive higher grades than students who do engage in health risk behaviors. Following are collections of EBIs targeting youth from a variety of backgrounds. Guttmacher Policy Review. Kittredge D. Sound public health policy argues against their use.
Furthermore, sex education helps young people to examine the forces that contribute to a positive or negative body image. Personal Responsibility Education Program PREPestablished — Enacted under the ACA, PREP awards grants to state health departments, community groups, and tribal organizations to implement medically accurate, evidence-based, and age-appropriate sex education programs that teach abstinence, contraception, condom use, and adulthood preparation skills.
The findings in the above randomized trial and systematic review are supported by a longitudinal analysis of adolescents taking virginity pledges in Add Health [ 4043 ].
All programs must adhere to the federal A-H definition, and states must match every four federal dollars with three state dollars. One possibility: Young women may have been using a more reliable form of birth control and switched to condoms when schools began giving them out.
Do schools give out condoms
They studied birth data from to — before and after the adoption of condom access programs. Daily Reports While this move centralized federal efforts and responsibilities into one office, it did not come with an increase in federal jurisdiction over the educational system. Deflecting the Harms of the Abstinence-Only Funding Not every state jumped on the abstinence bandwagon. Thus, current U. An independent evaluation of the federal program, several systematic reviews, and cohort data from population-based surveys find little evidence of efficacy and evidence of possible harm. Calls for medical accuracy represent one response to concerns about misinformation provided by abstinence only education. Ott John S. The combined federal and state funding can be used for various purposes such as media campaigns, programs in public schools, or programs outside of public schools. Few American adults abstain from sexual intercourse until marriage, and most initiate sexual intercourse during their adolescent years. In contrast, comprehensive sexuality education programs have been found to help teens delay initiation of intercourse and reduce sexual risk behaviors.
LGBTQ-inclusive sex education was associated with fewer reports of adverse mental health among all students.
New England Journal of Medicine. Abstinence-only polices violate the human rights of adolescents because they withhold potentially life-saving information on HIV and other STIs. As of30 states have no law that governs sex education, and schools are not required to provide it 25 states mandate that sex education, if taught, must include abstinence, but do not require it to include contraception.
Emerging Answers The National Campaign to End Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, : Researcher Douglas Kirby examined studies of prevention programs which had a strong experimental design and used other appropriate analysis criteria.
Thirty-six effective programs were identified. In the first half of alone, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Mississippi, Virginia, and West Virginia enacted laws promoting or funding abstinence-only education.
based on 119 review