The political leaders responsible for Appeasement made many errors.
Bad leaders hide behind public opinion; great ones lead it. Firstly, the legacy of the Great War in France and Britain generated a strong public and political desire to achieve 'peace at any price'.
Nasty things tend to happen when Britain has no reliable alliances. In July the League abandoned sanctions. Edvard Benes, the leader of Czechoslovakia, was concerned that if Germany was given the Sudetenland, most of the Czech defences would be handed over to the Germans and they would be left defenceless.
Again, France and Britain did nothing. The League persuaded both sides to seek a settlement under the Italo-Ethiopian Treaty of but Italy continued troop movements and Abyssinia appealed to the League again.
He was startled by Hitler's response: Hitler said that cession of the Sudetenland was not enough and that Czechoslovakia which he had described as a "fraudulent state" must be broken up completely.
Britain and France declared war on Germany on 3 Septembertwo days after the German invasion of Poland. But when he met Hitler again, at Bad Godesberg 22 Septemberthere were more demands, and Chamberlain refused.
Related Content. Chamberlain died in November ; however he continued to be vilified for appeasement in general and for his actions in September in particular long after his death and the conclusion of the war.